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23 February Newly formed Soviet Red Army goes into action against the Germans for the first time.
3 March The Bolshevik Russian government signs a peace treaty with the Germans and other Central Powers at Brest-Litovsk.
8 March Battle of Tell ‘Asur. Fighting takes place over an area which extended from the Mediterranean Sea to Abu Tellul and Mussalabeh on the edge of the Jordan Valley.
21 March

Second Battle of the Somme, 1918. The Germans launch a strong offensive in France (Operation Michael) aimed at splitting the British and French lines. The British in particular suffer heavy casualties and begin a far reaching withdrawal. Fighting continues to 5 April.

9 April

Battle of the Lys. The Germans launch a second offensive (Operation Georgette) against the British line in Flanders, again capturing much ground. Fighting continues until 29 April.

10 April Rifleman Karan Bahadur Rana, 3rd Gurkha Rifles, wins the Victoria Cross at El Kefr, Egypt. He, along with a few other men, crept forward with a Lewis gun under intense fire to engage an enemy machine-gun...
27 April Gandhi attends the Viceroy’s War Conference in Delhi and agrees to recruit men for India’s war effort.
27 May

Third Battle of the Aisne. Third German offensive (Operation Blucher) against the French line, centres on the Chemin des Dames above the River Aisne. Fighting continues to 6 June.

22 June

Gandhi makes an ‘Appeal for Enlistment’ to the people of Kheda. This appeal is later circulated in the form of leaflets showcasing Gandhi’s support for the war efforts....

8 July

The Montagu-Chelmsford Report on the series of constitutional reforms to enable the ‘increasing association of Indians in...

2 September

Ressaidar Badlu Singh, 14th Murray's Jat Lancers, wins the Victoria Cross on the west bank of the River Jordan, Palestine when his squadron was charging a strong enemy position. He realised that heavy casualties were being inflicted...

19 September

Battle of Megiddo. In northern Palestine, Allied troops launch a devastating attack on the Turks and begin a steady advance into Syria. Fighting continues until 25 October....

23 September

Battle of Haifa: the city of Haifa is liberated following a cavalry action by the 15 Imperial Service Cavalry Brigade comprising the Jodhpur Lancers, Mysore Lancers and Hyderabad Lancers. This day is commemorated by the Indian army every year as ‘Haifa day’.

28 September

Battle of the Flanders Ridges. In Belgium, Allies make a strong advance from Ypres that begins to push the Germans back. Fighting continues until 10 October.

1 October

Australian, Indian and British troops, supported by Arab forces, capture Damascus in Syria. Further gains follow, including the cities of Beirut, Homs and Aleppo.

16 October

Austro-Hungarian government announces the country is to become a federal nation based on its many nationalities. Hungary is to remain as a separate kingdom.

30 October

Turkey signs an armistice with the Allies. Turkish troops in Mesopotamia surrender.

1 November

Battle of Merv.

9 November

The German Kaiser, Wilhelm II, abdicates and prepares to leave Germany. Germany declared a republic.

11 November

Germany signs an armistice with the Allies, agreeing to an immediate cease fire and the withdrawal of its troops to its own borders. Fighting ends in France and Belgium at 11.00 am.

25 November

Colonel Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck ends his long campaign in German East Africa and surrenders undefeated.

1 December

Allied troops enter Germany.