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18 January Peace conference opens in Paris.
25 January Principle of League of Nations is agreed at the Peace conference. India is part of this conference and is the only non-self governing founding member of the League of Nations.
10 March The Rowlatt act is passed, indefinitely extending to peacetime the emergency measures enacted through the Defence of India Act of 1915 during the Great War. This leads to widespread protests.
6 April

Rowlatt satyagraha, a nation-wide agitation against the Rowlatt acts is organised under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi.

10 April

Satya Pal and Saifuddin Kitchlew, two Congress leaders leading protests as part of the anti-Rowlatt agitation, are arrested and secretly taken to Dharamsala....

13 April Troops under the command of Brigadier-General Reginald Dyer fire at a peaceful protest against the arrest of two local Congress leaders in Jallianwala Bagh, Amritsar, killing a large number of civilians and injuring many more...
19 April Gen Dyer promulgates the ‘Crawling Order’ enforcing the rule that Indians travelling through the lane in which Marcella Sherwood was attacked, would do so on all fours. Those not crawling were to be flogged as punishment.
6 May-8 August Third Anglo-Afghan war, Indian troops participate in the war which results in a tactical victory for the British.
7 May

Allied terms for a peace treaty are handed to the German government.

28 June

Treaty of Versailles signed between the Allied and Associated governments and Germany.

19 July

Indian troops are part of the Victory parade held in London.

14 October

The Hunter Committee (also known as the Disorders Inquiry Committee) is set up to look into the Jallianwalla Bagh massacre in particular and the unrest and disturbances across India in general....

23 December

The Government of India Act 1919, which embodied the recommendation of the Montagu-Chelmsford Report introduced a dual form of government, or dyarchy, for major provinces and divided.... .


Khilafat movement - The defeat of the Ottoman Empire in the First World War results in the impending partition of the Ottoman Empire and concerns over the position of the Caliph, the symbolic spiritual head of Muslims...

1920 Onwards

Non-cooperation movement (1920 onwards): The Rowlatt Act, the Jallianwala Bagh massacre, martial law in Punjab, and the inadequate changes ushered in towards the end of 1919 by the Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms, created widespread discontent in India....